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Entrepreneurial Capitalism and Innovation:
A History of Computer Communications 1968-1988
By James Pelkey

Entrepreneurial Capitalism & Innovation:
History of Computer Communications
1968 -1988
By James Pelkey

This history is organized by three co-evolving market sectors and also standards making.
An overview of the schema is presented in the Introduction.

Ch. 1: Emergence
Ch. 3: Competition
Ch. 5: Market Order
Ch. 11: Adaptation

Ch. 2: Vision
Ch. 4: Arpanet
Ch. 6: Diffusion
Ch. 7: Emergence
Ch 8: Completion
Ch. 10: Market Order

Ch. 9: Creation

Ch. 12: Emergence



Chapter 8
Networking: Turbulence 1981-1982
The PBX, the IBM PC and the Chaos of Competition

8.4    Proteon

In early 1979, MIT’s Laboratory for Computer Science gave Proteon a $100,000 contract to develop Version 2 of their token ring Local Network Interface (LNI), ostensibly because they would get a product faster than doing it themselves. But it took Proteon until June 1981 to deliver working boards. In the same month, Proteon made its first commercial shipment, to UCLA, and in August, its first international sale, to the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment. The availability of token-ring controllers barely caused a ripple in the gathering tide of Ethernet.